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South Wales Valleys, United Kingdom

Region: South Wales Valleys
Country: United Kingdom
Leader: CU

About the study

Wales is a nation of approximately 3.1 million people covering 20,782 square kilometres. It is a largely mountainous country with population heavily concentrated in the south and south-east. Wales has very few large cities – the largest is Cardiff (population 364,248). Wales is sometimes referred to as the ‘first industrial nation’. Rich in natural resources, Wales was a manufacturing hub for iron, copper and tin before and during the industrial revolution, and the mass exploitation of Welsh coalfields during the 19th century provided a large industrial base. Currently, Wales produces approximately 55% of UK steel and employs 6,640 people. This production is primarily based at the Tata Steelworks in Port Talbot and Llanwern, near Newport, which remain significant local employers. The following points sum-up the background of the case study.

  1. The number of active mines have strongly decreased in the last decades;
  2. Employment in the mining sector has strongly decreased in the last years;
  3. Iron and steel production continue but heavy industry no longer plays as prominent role in the Welsh economy as before;
  4. It is planned to reduce carbon emissions by at least 80% in 2050.

Local support

The project will be supported by the Welsh Government. Other local stakeholders will be contacted during the implementation of the project.


Access the full case study here.